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Rhodes v. Genesis Marine, LLC

United States District Court, E.D. Louisiana

July 19, 2019


         SECTION: “E” (2)



         Before the Court is a Motion in Limine, filed by Defendant Genesis Marine, LLC of Delaware (“Genesis”), to exclude the proffered testimony of Defendant Bollinger Shipyards, LLC's (“Bollinger's) safety expert, Robert Borison.[1] Bollinger opposes this motion.[2] Genesis filed a reply.[3] For the reasons that follow, Genesis's motion is DENIED.


         Plaintiff Kevin Rhodes alleges he was injured on June 23, 2017 while working as a marine electrician for his employer, Complete Marine Services, LLP (“Complete Marine”), aboard the Genesis Barge 11103, which is owned by Defendant Genesis.[4] The parties agree Plaintiff is a longshoreman, not a seaman, [5] and the Genesis Barge 11103 is an inspected vessel.[6] At the time of the alleged incident, the Genesis Barge 11103 was undergoing repairs performed by Defendant Bollinger at Bollinger's dry dock facility in Amelia, Louisiana.[7] As part of the repair work, Genesis contracted with Complete Marine to install electrical systems related to a new ballast water treatment system.[8] Because the ballast water treatment system was to be installed below the deck of the barge, to perform his work Plaintiff had to descend a ladder to access the lower level of the barge.[9]

         “In order to access and descend the ladder, Plaintiff had to remove a grated opening to enter the bilge of the barge. The opening consisted of a cut-off piece of the grating.”[10] To go through the opening, Plaintiff had to place the piece of grating (hereinafter the “hatch cover”) on the deck.[11] Only then could Plaintiff descend the ladder. Once he cleared the entrance, Plaintiff had to reposition the hatch cover over the access hole.[12] On the date of the incident, as Plaintiff attempted to reposition the hatch cover, “it got snagged on welding lead cables that were laid out across the walkway by employees of Defendant, Bollinger” and the hatch cover fell into the hole.[13] Plaintiff pushed himself back from the ladder to avoid being struck by the hatch cover.[14] Plaintiff fell off the ladder, sustaining various bodily injuries.[15] Plaintiff filed this action against Genesis and Bollinger on January 24, 2018, bringing “negligence” and “vessel negligence” causes of action against Genesis and a “negligence” cause of action against Bollinger.[16]


         Genesis seeks to exclude Borison's proffered testimony that:

The ladderway was unsafe in its construction and design because the hatch cover should have been hinged or should have either been protected by permanent or temporary guardrails or by a temporary cover.[17]

         Genesis argues this testimony is unreliable under Federal Rule of Evidence 702 because “Borison is being offered as a safety expert, not a marine engineer/naval architect” and Borison “completely disregards” the testimony of Plaintiff, Robert Schenkenberg, and Townsend Hardee in formulating his opinion.[18] Bollinger argues: “Borison is not being offered as an expert in marine engineering or naval architecture, nor is such a qualification a necessary prerequisite for the opinions offered in his report.”[19]

         Federal Rule of Evidence 702, which governs the admissibility of expert witness testimony, provides:

         A witness who is qualified as an expert by knowledge, skill, experience, training, or education may testify in the form of an opinion or otherwise if:

(a) the expert's scientific, technical, or other specialized knowledge will help the trier of fact to understand the evidence or to determine a fact in issue;
(b) the testimony is based upon sufficient facts or data; (c) the testimony is the product of reliable principles and methods; and (d) the expert has reliably applied the principles and methods to the facts of the case.[20]

         Courts, as “gatekeepers, ” are tasked with making a preliminary assessment whether expert testimony is both reliable and relevant.[21] The Court has broad latitude in making such expert testimony determinations.[22] The party seeking to offer expert testimony bears the burden of establishing, by a preponderance of the evidence, that “(1) the expert is qualified; (2) the testimony is relevant to an issue in the case; and (3) the testimony is reliable.”[23]

         As a general rule, questions relating to the bases and sources of an expert's opinion affect the weight of the evidence rather than its admissibility, and should be left for the finder of fact.[24] Thus, “‘[v]igorous cross-examination, presentation of contrary evidence, and careful instruction on the burden of proof are the traditional and appropriate means of attacking shaky but admissible evidence.'”[25] The Court is not concerned with whether the opinion is correct, but whether the preponderance of the evidence ...

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