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Dorsey v. Social Security Administration

United States District Court, E.D. Louisiana

June 10, 2019

WILSON DORSEY JR.
v.
SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION

         SECTION: “B” (3)

          ORDER AND REASONS

         Before the court is plaintiff Wilson Dorsey, Jr.'s motion for reconsideration of a judgment in favor of defendant Social Security Administration that dismissed plaintiff's claims. See Rec. Docs. 14, 17, 18, 19. Defendant did not file a response. For the reasons discussed below, IT IS ORDERED that the motion is DENIED.

         FACTUAL BACKGROUND AND PROCEDURAL HISTORY

         The facts of plaintiff's underlying case are discussed in greater detail in this Court's Order and Reasons adopting the Magistrate Judge's Report and Recommendation to grant defendant's cross-motion for summary judgment and dismiss plaintiff's claims. See Rec. Docs. 14, 17. The facts are summarized here briefly. On April 13, 2011, plaintiff Wilson Dorsey, Jr. was determined to be disabled by Administrative Law Judge Voisin for the severe impairments of disorders of the back and hypertension beginning on August 10, 2010. Rec. Doc. 8-2 at 15. On September 15, 2016, Administrative Law Judge Henderson decided that plaintiff was no longer disabled as of June 11, 2014. Rec. Doc. 8-2 at 20. After the Appeals Council denied plaintiff's request to reconsider ALJ Henderson's decision, plaintiff filed the instant civil action. Rec. Doc. 8-2 at 2. Plaintiff and defendant subsequently filed cross motions for summary judgment, and the magistrate judge issued a report and recommendation to deny plaintiff's motion for summary judgment and grant defendant's cross motion for summary judgment. Rec. Doc. 14. On January 30, 2019, we adopted the magistrate judge's report and recommendation, and entered judgment in favor of defendant, dismissing plaintiff's claims. Rec. Docs. 17, 18. Plaintiff seeks reconsideration based on recent administrative findings, an alleged error in law, and requests reversal of the Commissioner's final decision with a remand for a de novo administrative hearing. Rec. Doc. 19.

         LAW AND ANALYSIS

         A Rule 59(e) motion calls into question the correctness of a judgment. In re Transtexas Gas Corp., 303 F.3d 571, 581 (5th Cir. 2002). Rule 59(e) serves “the narrow purpose of allowing a party to correct manifest errors of law or fact or to present newly discovered evidence.” Basinkeeper v. Bostick, 663 Fed.Appx. 291, 294 (5th Cir. 2016) (quoting Waltman v. Int'l Paper Co., 875 F.2d 468, 473 (5th Cir. 1989)). Amending a judgment is appropriate under Rule 59(e): “(1) where there has been an intervening change in the controlling law; (2) where the movant presents newly discovered evidence that was previously unavailable; or (3) to correct a manifest error of law or fact.” Berezowsky v. Rendon Ojeda, 652 Fed.Appx. 249, 251 (5th Cir. 2016) (quoting Demahy v. Schwarz Pharma, Inc., 702 F.3d 177, 182 (5th Cir. 2012)). Because Rule 59(e) has a “narrow purpose, ” the Fifth Circuit has “observed that [r]econsideration of a judgment after its entry is an extraordinary remedy that should be used sparingly.” Id. (quoting Templet v. HydroChem Inc., 367 F.3d 473, 479 (5th Cir. 2004)). Thus, “a motion for reconsideration is not the proper vehicle for rehashing evidence, legal theories, or arguments that could have been offered or raised before the entry of judgment.” Id. (quoting Templet, 367 F.3d at 479).

         Recent Finding of Disability Since September 16, 2016

         Administrative Law Judge Nancy Pizzo's determination that plaintiff was disabled since September 16, 2016 does not impact the judgment upholding ALJ Henderson's previous finding that plaintiff was no longer disabled as of June 11, 2014. In reviewing a disability claim, a district Court is limited to determining whether there is substantial evidence in the record to support the final decision of the Commissioner as trier of fact, and whether the Commissioner applied the appropriate legal standards to evaluate the evidence. Carey v. Apfel, 230 F.3d 131 (5th Cir. 2000) (citing Brown v. Apfel, 192 F.3d 492, 496 (5th Cir. 1999)). If the Court finds substantial evidence to support the decision, then it must uphold the decision.

         In the order and reasons at issue, consideration was given to ALJ Henderson's determination that plaintiff's condition had improved as of June 11, 2014 and he was no longer deemed disabled on that date. There was substantial evidence in the record to support that decision for the noted time period. Rec. Doc. 17. Consequently, ALJ Henderson's decision was upheld. Plaintiff asserts that ALJ Pizzo's February 20, 2019 decision that plaintiff has been disabled since September 20, 2016 is the type of previously unavailable evidence that warrants reconsideration of the previous order and reasons. We welcome the invitation to review that decision in relevant context.

         ALJ Pizzo's decision found that a state agency denial of plaintiff's claim on December 5, 2017 was consistent with the medical record at the time of that denial. However, following a December 3, 2018 video hearing, ALJ Pizzo eventually found that additional evidence indicates changes in plaintiff's spine condition, rendering the state agency's denial unpersuasive. Based on those findings, plaintiff was found disabled since September 16, 2016, the amended onset date of disability. See Rec. Doc. 19-3, pgs. 5-8.

         Contrary to plaintiff's argument, ALJ Pizzo's decision had an expressed application from September 16, 2016 onwards. Absent from the decision is a finding of disability implicating an earlier onset date of June 11, 2014 or a date prior to September 16, 2016. The evidence suggested by plaintiff is temporally irrelevant or, at best, not determinative of findings at issue. It does not alter the existence of substantial evidence in the record to support ALJ Henderson's determination that plaintiff was no longer disabled as of June 11, 2014.

         In summary, a finding of disability as of September 16, 2016 does not mean that plaintiff was also disabled as of June 11, 2014, or that ALJ Henderson's determination was not supported by substantial evidence in the record. While tempting to do so in this limited context, we cannot substitute the instant judgment with the most recent ALJ decision that fixed a new disability onset date after the earlier claimed onset date at issue. Further, there is no demonstrated conflict between the ALJ decisions because each dealt with a specific time frame of claimed disability onset, over two years apart, and with materially different factual records.

         No Manifest Error of Law

         In the previous order and reasons, the ALJ's decision was reviewed under the appropriate analysis applicable to cessation of disability claims. Plaintiff asserts an incorrect application of the five-step analysis commonly used in Social Security claims to determine whether a claimant is disabled, rather than the eight-step analysis to determine whether an individual continues to be disabled. Rec. Doc. 19-2 at 4-5. While the order and reasons and the Magistrate Judge's report and recommendation described the five-steps used to determine whether a claimant is disabled, some of which are also part of the eight-step analysis applicable here, neither the order nor the Magistrate Judge's report applied the five-step sequential analysis to the facts of this case. Rec. Docs. 14, 17. Rather, the order and reasons ...


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