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Jackson v. Flimyn

United States District Court, E.D. Louisiana

February 20, 2019

CHRISTOPHER ALAN JACKSON
v.
TRACY DEVALIER FLIMYN

         SECTION: “M” (1)

          REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION

          JANI VAN MEERVELD, UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE

         Plaintiff, Christopher Alan Jackson, a state prisoner, filed this federal civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. In pertinent part, that statute provides:

Every person who, under color of any statute, ordinance, regulation, custom, or usage, of any State or Territory or the District of Columbia, subjects, or causes to be subjected, any citizen of the United States or other person within the jurisdiction thereof to the deprivation of any rights, privileges, or immunities secured by the Constitution and laws, shall be liable to the party injured in an action at law, suit in equity, or other proper proceeding for redress, except that in any action brought against a judicial officer for an act or omission taken in such officer's judicial capacity, injunctive relief shall not be granted unless a declaratory decree was violated or declaratory relief was unavailable.

42 U.S.C. § 1983.

         In this lawsuit, plaintiff has sued Orleans Parish Criminal District Court Judge Tracey Flemings-Davillier (incorrectly identified in the complaint as “Tracy Devalier Flimyn”), claiming that he was wrongly convicted and sentenced in his state criminal trial in which she was the presiding judge. As relief, he seeks monetary damages and a new trial.

         I. Screening Standards

         Plaintiff filed this federal civil action in forma pauperis. Concerning such actions, federal law provides:

Notwithstanding any filing fee, or any portion thereof, that may have been paid, the court shall dismiss the case at any time if the court determines that ... the action …
(i) is frivolous or malicious;
(ii) fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted; or (iii) seeks monetary relief against a defendant who is immune from such relief.

28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B).

         In addition, because plaintiff is incarcerated, he is also subject to the screening provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 1915A. That statute mandates that federal courts “review, before docketing, if feasible or, in any event, as soon as practicable after docketing, a complaint in a civil action in which a prisoner seeks redress from a governmental entity or officer or employee of a governmental entity.” 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(a). Regarding such lawsuits, federal law similarly requires:

On review, the court shall identify cognizable claims or dismiss the complaint, or any portion of the ...

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