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Riley v. United States

United States District Court, E.D. Louisiana

February 20, 2019

MONIQUE RILEY
v.
THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

         SECTION: "A" (3)

          ORDER AND REASONS

          JAY C. ZAINEY UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE.

         In light of the government re-opening, the Court lifts the stay on the Motion for Reconsideration (Rec. Doc. 27). Now before the Court is a Rule 59 Motion for Rehearing, New Trial, and/or Reconsideration (Rec. Doc. 27) filed by Plaintiff, Monique Riley. Defendant, The United States of America (“the Government”) opposes the motion (Rec. Doc. 28). The motion, set for submission on December 12, 2018, is before the Court on the briefs without oral argument. Having considered the motion and memoranda of counsel, the record, and the applicable law, the Court finds that Plaintiff's Rule 59 Motion for Rehearing, New Trial, and/or Reconsideration (Rec. Doc. 27) is DENIED for the reasons set forth below.

         I. Background

         On September 18, 2015, Plaintiff visited the St. John Veterans Affairs Outpatient Clinic (“VA”) for a check-up. (Rec. Doc. 1, Complaint ¶ 13). Plaintiff had recently undergone a left ankle reconstruction requiring a left ankle and foot cast and crutches. (Id., ¶ 14). During her visit, Plaintiff had to provide a urine sample for a routine analysis. (Id., ¶ 16). A VA lab tech indicated that the custodian had just mopped the nearby restroom and suggested that Plaintiff use an alternative restroom. (Id.). The custodian interjected that the floor in the nearby restroom was in fact dry and ready to use. (Id. ¶ 17). Plaintiff used the nearby restroom, and after washing her hands, her crutch slipped and she fell. (Id. ¶ 21). Once on the floor, Plaintiff noticed there were water streaks on the floor allegedly from the mop. (Id. ¶ 22).

         As required by 28 U.S.C. § 2671, as a prerequisite to filing suit in federal court under the Federal Tort Claims Act (“FTCA”), Plaintiff filed an administrative claim on March 17, 2017, which was denied by the VA on August 31, 2017. Thereafter, Plaintiff filed the instant lawsuit pursuant to the FTCA, 28 U.S.C.A. §§ 1346(b); 2671, et seq. (Id., ¶ 5). Plaintiff alleged that the employees of the Government were acting within the scope of their employment with the VA. Thus, the Government is liable under the doctrine of respondeat superior under federal and Louisiana law and liable for failure to supervise and train all employees, contractors, and volunteers. (Rec. Doc. 24, ¶ 30).

         On October 24, 2018, the Court granted Defendant's Motion to Dismiss (Rec. Doc. 14). The Court found that Lionel Campbell was the custodian who informed Plaintiff the restroom was ready for use. As a participant in the Compensated Work Therapy (“CWT”) program, the Court held that the waiver of sovereign immunity pursuant to the Federal Tort Claims Act did not apply because Campbell was not an “employee of the government.” (Rec. Doc. 26). The Plaintiff files the instant motion to reconsider the case pursuant to Rule 59 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.

         II. Legal Standard

         The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure do not recognize a motion for reconsideration. Bass v. United States Dep't of Agric., 211 F.3d 959, 962 (5th Cir. 2000). Nevertheless, the Fifth Circuit has treated a motion for reconsideration as a motion to alter or amend judgment pursuant to Rule 59(e) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure when filed twenty-eight days after entry of the judgment from which relief is being sought. Hamilton Plaintiffs v. Williams Plaintiffs, 147 F.3d 367, 371 n.10 (5th Cir. 1998); see also Fed.R.Civ.P. 59(e). A Rule 59(e) motion may be granted on four grounds: “(1) to correct manifest errors of law or fact upon which judgment is based, (2) the availability of new evidence, (3) the need to prevent manifest injustice, or (4) an intervening change in controlling law.” Lines v. Fairfield Ins. Co., No. 08-1045, 2010 WL 4338636, at *1 (E.D. La. Oct. 21, 2010) (citing Peterson v. Cigna Group Ins., No. 99-2112, 2002 WL 1268404, at *2 (E.D. La. June 5, 2002)). “The Court enjoys considerable discretion in granting or denying such a motion.” Gabarick v. Laurin Mar. (America) Inc., No. 08-4007, 2010 WL 5437391, at *5 (E.D. La. Dec. 23, 2010) (citing Boyd's Bit Serv., Inc. v. Specialty Rental Tool & Supply, Inc., 332 F.Supp.2d 938, 939 (W.D. La 2004)). The Fifth Circuit has held that a Rule 59(e) motion is not the proper vehicle for “rehashing evidence, legal theories, or arguments that could have been offered or raised before the entry of judgment.” Templet v. HydroChem Inc., 367 F.3d 473, 479 (5th Cir. April 2004).

         III. Law and Analysis

         Plaintiff brings the instant motion to correct manifest errors of law and fact upon which the judgment (Rec. Doc. 26) is based and to prevent manifest injustice. (Rec. Doc. 27, p. 1). Plaintiff contends that this Court failed to address the issue of the “discretionary function exceptions” to the FTCA and failed to recognize that Plaintiff has openly and expressly alleged that the Government was negligent in the supervision of Campbell. (Id. at 2). Plaintiff asserts that the Government failed to address the negligent supervision claims. (Id. at 4). Specifically, Plaintiff asserts that (1) negligent supervision claims are cognizable under the FTCA, (2) the Court failed to consider the pleadings in the absence of evidence regarding the negligent supervision, and (3) the Government failed to meet its burden of establishing the discretionary function exception applies to this case. The Government responds that it specifically addressed the negligent supervision claim by arguing that the discretionary function exception applied to individuals such as Campbell. (Rec. Doc. 28, p. 2). The Government asserts that Plaintiff did not offer an opposition addressing these arguments, and Rule 59 motions may not raise new arguments. (Id. at 3).

         In the motion to dismiss, the Government did present arguments regarding Plaintiff's allegations of negligent failure to train and supervise. (Rec. Doc. 14, p. 8). The Government asserted, “allegations of alleged negligent failure to train are routinely barred by the discretionary function exception.” (Id.). Plaintiff responded by asserting that the VA establishing the program was discretionary in nature and that Plaintiff is not complaining that her injury is the result of the VA establishing the CWT program. (Rec. Doc. 15, p. 9). In its reply, the Government stated that Plaintiff offered no opposition to the argument that her claims for negligent training and negligent supervision must be dismissed under the discretionary function exception of the FTCA. (Rec. Doc. 18, p. 2).

         Plaintiff's opposition identified numerous arguments regarding how the Government should be vicariously liable for the CWT worker as an employee but provided no arguments on the issue of negligent training and supervision. Plaintiff did submit the “Standard Operating Procedures” for mopping in the clinic and identified Arlen Duplessis as the VA employee housekeeping supervisor; however, these arguments were presented to establish a right of control under the claim of vicarious liability for Campbell, not negligent training and supervision. Plaintiff did not present any argument regarding any employee of the VA who acted negligently in their training and supervision of Campbell. Plaintiff also did not address in her opposition how her claims for negligent supervision were outside the scope of the discretionary function exception. The Court finds that a motion for reconsideration is not the proper vehicle to present new arguments.

         Nevertheless, though the Court sympathizes with Plaintiff, the Court unfortunately finds that Plaintiff's claims of the negligent supervision and training of Campbell are meritless. Plaintiff relies on Bodin v, Vagshenian, 462 F.3d 481, 489 (5th Cir. 2006) to assert that the United States can be held liable under the FTCA independent of an employment relationship with the tortfeasor. (Rec. Doc. 27, p. 5). Specifically, Plaintiff asserts that the FTCA waives sovereign immunity in situations where the ...


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