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Precht v. Columbia Gulf Transmission LLC

United States District Court, W.D. Louisiana, Lafayette Division

August 30, 2018




         Pending before the court is the motion to remand, which was filed by the plaintiffs, Kelly Precht and Flavia Precht. (Rec. Doc. 13). The motion is opposed. The motion was referred to the undersigned magistrate judge for review, report, and recommendation in accordance with the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636 and the standing orders of the court. For the following reasons, it is recommended that the motion be denied.


         The plaintiffs, Kelly Precht and Flavia Precht, alleged in their petition for damages that they lease land from the Stone Family, LLC for the purpose of grazing cattle, farming, and crawfishing. They further alleged that, after their lease was in effect, the Stone Family, LLC executed a right-of-way agreement, covering the same property and permitting Columbia Gulf to construct a pipeline traversing the property. That agreement allegedly required Columbia Gulf to replace and restore the area disturbed by the laying, construction, operation, replacement, or maintenance of pipelines to a condition as near as practical to the property's original condition and also to pay for any damage to marketable timber, crops, approved fences, and approved tile drains.

         The plaintiffs alleged that Columbia Gulf did not enter into a similar right-of-way agreement with them. They further alleged that Columbia Gulf trespassed on the property that they lease and constructed a pipeline through their leased premises without regard for their crops, constructions, or possessions. The plaintiffs further alleged that they sustained damages due to Columbia Gulf's activities including damage to agricultural crops growing on the property, the cost of restoring farm infrastructure, past and future crop damage, losses due to the change in crop prices, losses due to a change in the yield per acre, and loss of crawfish income. The plaintiffs alleged that, despite amicable demand, Columbia Gulf has not honored their leasehold rights. The plaintiffs therefore seek to recover for their pecuniary and nonpecuniary damages plus attorneys' fees and court costs.

         The Contentions of the Parties

         This lawsuit was originally filed in the 14th Judicial District Court, Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana, and was removed by the defendant to this forum. The plaintiffs now seek to have the action remanded to state court. In their motion to remand, the plaintiffs argued that Article 5, Section 16(A)(2) of the Louisiana Constitution of 1974 requires that this lawsuit, which they contend presents a claim for the recognition of a real right in property, can only be litigated in a Louisiana state court. The defendant argues, however, that the cited state constitutional provision does not divest this federal court of its subject-matter jurisdiction over this matter under 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a).

         Law and Analysis

         Federal district courts are courts of limited jurisdiction, possessing only the power authorized by the Constitution and by statute.[1] Accordingly, federal courts have subject-matter jurisdiction only over civil actions presenting a federal question[2]and those in which the amount in controversy exceeds $75, 000 exclusive of interest and costs and the parties are citizens of different states.[3] For that reason, a suit is presumed to lie outside a federal court's jurisdiction until the party invoking federal-court jurisdiction establishes otherwise.[4] “[B]ecause the effect of removal is to deprive the state court of an action properly before it, removal raises significant federalism concerns.”[5] The removal statute must therefore be strictly construed, and any doubt about the propriety of removal must be resolved in favor of remand and against federal-court jurisdiction.[6]

         The party invoking subject-matter jurisdiction in federal court has the burden of establishing the court's jurisdiction.[7] When an action is removed from state court, as this suit was, the removing party must bear the burden of proving that federal jurisdiction exists.[8] When a motion to remand is filed, the burden remains with the removing party.[9] Accordingly, the removing defendant in this case - Columbia Gulf - has the burden of establishing “that all of the prerequisites of diversity jurisdiction contained in 28 U.S.C. § 1332 are satisfied.”[10] In other words, Columbia Gulf must establish that the amount in controversy exceeds $75, 000 and that the parties are diverse in citizenship.[11] A notice of removal “need not contain evidentiary submissions, ”[12] but evidence supporting citizenship allegations and amount-in-controversy allegations are necessary if the court's subject-matter jurisdiction is challenged by a motion to remand.

         In its removal notice, Columbia Gulf established that the prerequisites for federal-court jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1332 are satisfied. First, it established that the parties are diverse in citizenship. In their petition for damages, the plaintiffs averred that they are domiciled in Cameron Parish, Louisiana. As natural persons, the state of their domicile is the state in which they are citizens.[13] Therefore, they represented that they are Louisiana citizens, and that fact remains undisputed. Columbia Gulf is a limited liability company, which is a citizen of every state in which its members are citizens.[14] In the removal notice, Columbia Gulf used the appropriate analytical model (which need not be repeated here) and established that it is a citizen of Delaware and Texas. Accordingly, the parties are diverse.

         Second, Columbia Gulf established in the removal notice that the amount in controversy exceeds the jurisdictional threshold. Although no specific damages amount was set forth in the plaintiffs' petition, as is appropriate under Louisiana law, Columbia Gulf referenced correspondence from the plaintiffs' counsel enclosing a report estimating their damages at a figure in excess of $350, 000. Although neither the letter nor the report was submitted along with the removal notice, the plaintiffs did not contest subject-matter jurisdiction on the basis of a failure to satisfy the amount-in-controversy requirement. Accordingly, this Court will accept the reference to the damages estimate report as being an uncontradicted representation by counsel establishing the amount in controversy.

         The plaintiffs did not argue in support of their motion to remand that the parties are not diverse in citizenship, they did not argue that the amount in controversy is less than the jurisdictional minimum, and they did not argue that there were any defects or deficiencies in the removal procedure. The only basis on which they objected to removal is their contention that the subject matter of their lawsuit must be tried in a Louisiana state court.

         In support of their motion to remand, the plaintiffs relied upon Article 5, Section 16(A)(2) of the Louisiana Constitution, which reads as follows:

Except as otherwise authorized by this constitution. . . a district court shall have . . . exclusive original jurisdiction. . . of cases involving title to immovable property. . . .

         The plaintiffs maintain that, because this lawsuit involves the title to immovable property, the litigation must take place in a Louisiana state district court, and the suit cannot be removed to federal court. They argue that the use of the word “exclusive” in the statute means that the suit could not have been filed in federal court to start with. In support of that proposition, they cite Estilette v. Estilette, 402 F.Supp. 1078, 1078-79 (W.D. La. 1975). But that was a case in which a wife sued her husband for separation; therefore, there was no basis for federal question jurisdiction or diversity jurisdiction. While the court did say the case could not originally have been instituted in federal court, that case is not analogous to this one and does not support the plaintiffs' motion to remand.

         The plaintiffs also cited Lucas v. Hope, 515 F.2d 234 (5th Cir. 1975), in support of their argument. But that case was based on Georgia law, not Louisiana law. Therefore, it does not resolve the issue currently before this Court, i.e., whether the use of the word “exclusive” in Article 5, Section 16(A)(2) of the Louisiana Constitution precludes removal of a case on the basis of diversity jurisdiction. Furthermore, the court in that case held that the federal court had no subject-matter jurisdiction because the lawsuit did not present an actual case or controversy. Therefore, it did not resolve the question now before this Court. However, the Lucas court did say that “[q]uestions involving the title and possession of real estate must be decided under state law and in a state court if no Federal or constitutional question is involved, ”[15] and further found that “[t]here is no Federal or constitutional question in this case.”[16] ...

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