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Vane Line Bunkering, Inc. v. Natalie D

United States District Court, E.D. Louisiana

February 20, 2018


         SECTION L (1)



         Before the Court is Plaintiff's motion for partial summary judgment on liability. R. Doc. 24. Defendants oppose the motion. R. Doc. 14. Having considered the parties' arguments, submissions, and applicable law, the Court now issues this Order and Reasons.

         I. BACKGROUND

         This case arises from an allision that occurred on the Kenner Bend anchorage in the Mississippi River in March 2016. R. Doc. 1. Plaintiff Vane Line Bunkering, Inc. (“Vane Line”), a Maryland corporation, is the owner and operator of the towing vessel CHESAPEAKE and a tank barge DS-509A. R. Doc. 1 at 1. Defendant Triple S Marine, LLC (“Triple S”) is a Louisiana company that owns and operates Defendant M/V NATALIE D, a marine towing vessel operating in the Mississippi River. R. Doc. 1 at 1. Defendant ABC Insurance Company is the as-yet-unnamed insurer and underwriter of Triple S and the M/V NATALIE D.

         Plaintiff alleges that on March 8, 2016, the M/V CHESAPEAKE and the tank barge DS-509A had been placed in the designated anchorage area by a federal pilot and were displaying proper lights. The following day, around 7:00 p.m., the M/V NATALIE D entered the anchorage area and attempted to pass between the M/V CHESAPEAKE and another vessel, and struck the M/V CHESAPEAKE's anchor cable and caused it to part and setting the Vane tow adrift. At the request of the U.S. Coast Guard, Vane Line searched for the lost anchor and performed repairs and inspections on its vessels. R. Doc. 1 at 3.

         Plaintiff avers that the sole cause of the accident was the negligence of Triple S and the M/V NATALIE D. R. Doc. 1 at 3. Plaintiff alleges that it sustained $46, 238.39, plus survey fees and expenses, in damage. R. Doc. 1 at 4. Defendant Triple S timely responded to the complaint, generally denying all allegations. R. Doc. 4. Triple S further asserts several affirmative defenses, including failure to mitigate damages, comparative fault, and failure to state a claim. R. Doc. 4 at 1. Triple S also filed a counterclaim against Vane Line, alleging the Vane Line is liable for the collision because its vessels were improperly moored. R. Doc. 4 at 2. Triple S avers that its tug was damaged in the incident and seeks monetary compensations for damages and loss of use. R. Doc. 4 at 3.

         Plaintiff now seeks summary judgment on liability.


         Plaintiff bases its motion on The Oregon Rule, which presumes that a moving vessel is at fault when it allides with a stationary object. According to Plaintiff, Defendant Triple S cannot rebut this legal presumption of fault by a preponderance of the evidence because the record indicates that Triple S was at fault and that the allision could have been avoided. Plaintiff claims that the Vane tow was properly lighted and placed inside the designated anchorage area by an experienced federal pilot and remained in the designated area until the time of the allision. Plaintiff further suggests that its vessels were not obstructing the Mississippi's navigable channel. Moreover, Plaintiff states that the Vane tow did not change position after being placed in anchorage and displayed proper lights until the time of the allision. Plaintiff notes that the Triple S's and the NATALIE D's vessel logs do not contain any indication of reports of the Vane tow being improperly anchored on March 8 and 9, 2016 - either from vessels transiting the area or from the U.S. Coast Guard's Vessel Tracking Center located in New Orleans. Instead, Plaintiff argues it is undisputed that the NATALIE D and her tow attempted to cross the anchorage area between the anchored Vane tow and another vessel anchored upriver, came too close to and allided with the Vane tow's anchor wire.


         Summary judgment is appropriate when “the pleadings, the discovery and disclosure materials on file, and any affidavits show that there is no genuine issue as to any material fact and that the movant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law.” Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 322 (1986) (citing Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(c)); Little v. Liquid Air Corp., 37 F.3d 1069, 1075 (5th Cir. 1994). When assessing whether a dispute as to any material fact exists, the Court considers “all of the evidence in the record but refrains from making credibility determinations or weighing the evidence.” Delta & Pine Land Co. v. Nationwide Agribusiness Ins. Co., 530 F.3d 395, 398 (5th Cir. 2008).

         Under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 56(c), the moving party bears the initial burden of “informing the district court of the basis for its motion, and identifying those portions of [the record] which it believes demonstrate the absence of a genuine issue of material fact.” Celotex, 477 U.S. at 322. When the moving party has met its Rule 56(c) burden, “[t]he non-movant cannot avoid summary judgment . . . by merely making ‘conclusory allegations' or ‘unsubstantiated assertions.'” Calbillo v. Cavender Oldsmobile, Inc., 288 F.3d 721, 725 (5th Cir. 2002) (quoting Little, 37 F.3d at 1075). “The mere existence of a scintilla of evidence in support of the plaintiff's position will be insufficient; there must be evidence on which the jury could reasonably find for the plaintiff.” Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 253 (1986). All reasonable inferences are drawn in favor of the nonmoving party, but a party cannot defeat summary judgment with conclusory allegations or unsubstantiated assertions. Little, 37 F.3d at 1075. A court ultimately must be satisfied that “a reasonable jury could not return a verdict for the nonmoving party.” Delta, 530 F.3d at 399.

         IV. ...

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