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Carthan v. Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections

Court of Appeals of Louisiana, First Circuit

June 2, 2017

RICKY CARTHAN
v.
LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS

         On Appeal from the 19th Judicial District Court In and for the Parish of East Baton Rouge State of Louisiana Trial Court No. 636, 761 Honorable R. Michael Caldwell, Judge Presiding

          Ricky Carthan Angola, LA Plaintiff-Appellant, In Proper Person.

          Terri L. Cannon Angola, LA Attorney for Defendant-Appellee, Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections.

          BEFORE: HIGGINBOTHAM, THERIOT, AND CHUTZ, JJ.

          HIGGINBOTHAM, J.

         This appeal challenges whether the district court properly dismissed an inmate's petition for judicial review of a disciplinary action for lack of subject matter jurisdiction because the inmate failed to exhaust his administrative remedies prior to filing suit.

         BACKGROUND

         The plaintiff, Ricky Carthan, is an inmate in the custody of the Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections ("DPSC"), and is incarcerated in the Louisiana State Penitentiary ("LSP") at Angola. In a July 29, 2014 disciplinary-report, the DPSC charged Carthan with theft, a violation of Rule 22 of the DPSC Disciplinary Rules and Procedures for Adult Offenders ("Disciplinary Rules"), for allegedly admitting to possessing ten pounds of uncooked sausage that had been found within Carthan's work area and within his immediate control. At a hearing before the Disciplinary Board on July 31, 2014, Carthan pled not guilty and denied both the credibility of the accusing officer and the contents of the disciplinary report. Additionally, the Disciplinary Board denied several of Carthan's motions where he sought copies of LSP's kitchen inventory and "pull-sheet, " as well as a picture of the purported stolen sausage. The Disciplinary Board found Carthan guilty of theft and imposed a sentence that included a change in custody from minimum to medium security and restitution in the amount of $10.80 for the stolen sausage.

         Carthan timely appealed the Disciplinary Board decision to the LSP Warden, which was accepted and assigned for review on August 25, 2014. In his appeal to the Warden, Carthan argued that he was denied his right to present available evidence on his behalf and as a result, his due process rights had been violated at the Disciplinary Board hearing. On September 24, 2014, Carthan was notified that a response to his appeal would be delayed beyond the thirty-day period required by the Disciplinary Rules. However, before the Warden issued a decision on Carman's appeal, Carthan filed a petition for judicial review in the Nineteenth Judicial District Court (19th JDC) on January 29, 2015. In his petition, Carthan sought expungement of the theft charge from his disciplinary record, a reinstatement of his privileges, and a refund of the restitution amount, alleging that he was entitled to that relief because the Warden had failed to issue a timely decision regarding his pending appeal as mandated by the Disciplinary Rules.

         On April 7, 2015, the Warden issued a written decision denying Carthan's appeal, finding no merit to Carthan's arguments and concluding that Carthan had failed to refute the theft charge. Carthan acknowledged receipt of the Warden's appeal decision on April 15, 2015, but the appellate record before us does not clearly reveal whether Carthan appealed the decision of the Warden to the DPSC Secretary, as required by the Disciplinary Rules. The record contains two copies of the Warden's decision, with one copy devoid of any indication that Carthan was dissatisfied with the result, and a second copy signed and checked by Carthan on April 15, 2015, indicating that he desired an appeal to the Secretary. However, the record does not contain any ruling or action, pending or otherwise, taken by the Secretary.

         Four months after the Warden's decision was issued, Carthan filed a motion in the district court, requesting that the DPSC show cause why his petition for judicial review should not be granted. The Commissioner of the 19th JDC issued a mandamus service order on September 4, 2015, ordering that a copy of Carman's petition be served on the DPSC. The DPSC responded by filing a motion to dismiss Carthan's petition for judicial review due to Carthan's acknowledged failure to exhaust administrative remedies. Carthan filed an objection to the DPSC's motion to dismiss, arguing that the DPSC had not notified him of any need of an extension for the Warden's thirty-day appeal response period.

         Approximately five months later, Carthan requested a status conference in the district court. At that point, the Commissioner for the 19th JDC[1] issued a screening report on April 21, 2016, recommending that the DPSC's motion to dismiss be granted, and Carthan's petition be dismissed without prejudice for lack of subject matter jurisdiction, based on Carthan's failure to exhaust administrative remedies, Carthan filed a traversal, but the district court rendered judgment on May 31, 2016, adopting the Commissioner's recommendation and dismissing Carthan's petition in accordance with La. R.S. 15:1172(C). Carthan appeals, arguing that the district court erred in deciding that it did not have subject matter jurisdiction in this case, because the Warden did not respond to his administrative appeal within the delays allowed by the DPSC's procedural rules and thus, he should be considered to have exhausted his administrative remedies.

         DISCUSSION

         The DPSC has promulgated rules for the handling of prisoner disciplinary matters entitled Disciplinary Rules and Procedures for Adult Offenders, found in Title 22, Part 1, Sections 341, et seq., of the Louisiana Administrative Code ("LAC").[2] The Disciplinary Rules provide certain procedural requirements for appeals of decisions issued by the Disciplinary Board, which is also referred to as the "high court." See LAC 22:1.341(H). The Disciplinary Rules mandate that "[a]ll appeal requests on high court cases shall be to the [W]arden" and the Warden "will decide all appeals within 30 calendar days of the date of receipt of the appeal and the offender will be promptly notified in writing of the results (unless circumstances warrant an extension of that time period and the offender is notified accordingly)." LAC 22:1.341(H)(1)(b)(i) and (iv). Further, when an inmate is dissatisfied with the Warden's appeal decision, another administrative step is necessary by "appeal [of] the decision of the [W]arden to the [S]ecretary and [the inmate] must indicate that he is 'not satisfied' in the appropriate box on the appeal decision form." LAC ...


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