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Bank of America, N. A. v. Teryl Emery DDS, LLC

United States District Court, M.D. Louisiana

March 6, 2017




         Before the Court is Plaintiffs Motion for Attorney's Fees Award brought by plaintiff Bank of America, N.A. ("BOA" or "Plaintiff). (Doc. 28.) The motion is opposed by defendants Teryl Emery DDS, LLC ("Emery DDS") and Teryl Emery ("Emery") referred to collectively as "Defendants." (Doc. 35.) A reply brief was not filed. For the reasons which follow, Plaintiffs motion is granted in part and deferred in part.


         The facts giving rise to this litigation are set forth in detail in the Court's Ruling and Order, issued July 28, 2016, granting BOA's Motion for Summary Judgment ("Summary Judgment Ruling"). (Doc. 22.) On November 19, 2015, BOA filed suit against Emery DDS as borrower and Emery as guarantor under an Amended and Restated Loan Agreement ("Loan Agreement"). (Doc. 1.) On August 22, 2016, this Court entered a Final Money Judgment in favor of BOA and against Defendants in the total amount of $469, 842.30, "plus interest... and late charges accruing after January 8, 2016, together with all costs, fees (including attorneys' fees), expenses and charges that have accrued as of, and continue to accrue after January 8, 2016, until all of the indebtedness of [Defendants] is paid to [BOA], in full." (Doc. 26, emphasis added.) On August 26, 2016, Defendants filed a Notice of Appeal. (Doc. 27.) On December 16, 2016, the Court Of Appeals issued a mandate dismissing the appeal "pursuant to appellant's motion." (Doc. 36 at 2.)

         BOA files the present motion pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 54(d). (Doc. 28-1 at 2.) BOA argues the Court's Summary Judgment Ruling awarding attorney's fees and expenses is consistent with the Loan Agreement which permitted the recovery of "reasonable costs and attorney's fees incurred by [BOA] in connection with (i) the enforcement or preservation of [BOA's] rights and remedies and/or the collection of any obligations of [Emery DDS] which become due to [BOA] in connection with any 'workout or restricting and (ii) the prosecution or defense of any action in any way related to this [Loan Agreement], the credit provided hereunder or any related agreement." (Doc. 8-11, Loan Agreement section 9.8(C).) Such an award is also consistent with the Unconditional Guaranty, which permits the recovery of "reasonable attorneys' fees and all other costs and expenses that may be incurred by [BOA] (a) in the enforcement of this Guaranty." (Doc. 8-13; Unconditional Guaranty, section 19)

         BOA argues its demand for attorney's fees and costs is authorized by the judgment but also is allowed under Louisiana law in the circumstances of this case. (Doc. 29-1 at 3, citing La. C.C. art. 2000 and Sher v. Lafayette Ins. Co., 2007-2441 (La. 4/08/08), 988 So.2d 186, 201.) In terms of the amount demanded, BOA submits the affidavit of its counsel of record, pursuant to Local Rule 54(b)(1), verifying the billing statements and invoices for this matter. (Doc. 28-1 at 4, citing Exhs. 1 and 1-A through 1-N; Docs. 28-3 through 28-17.)

         In their opposition, Defendants argue that the attorneys' fees and costs demanded "were not incurred by [BOA] in connection with the enforcement and preservation of [BOA's] rights and remedies and/or the collection of any obligation of the defendants to [BOA] and are not related to the prosecution or defense of any action related to the agreement at issue herein." (Doc. 35 at 1.) Furthermore, defendants argue that BOA's "asserted costs and attorneys' fees are not reasonable..." (Id.)

         More specifically, Defendants contend that "the earliest date that this bank could have claimed that the obligation has 'become due' would have been October 1, 2015, as acknowledged by Attorney Gabriel Crowson, in his representation letter dated November 9, 2015." (Doc. 35-1 at 2, citing Exhibit 2, Doc 35-2, a letter of representation and demand for payment dated November 9, 2015 by attorney Crowson). Therefore, argue Defendants, "none of the costs and/or attorney fees were attributable to Defendants herein as the obligation could not reasonably be considered due until after that date." (Id.) Furthermore, Defendants argue that "the attorneys [sic] fees alleged herein are excessive considering the skills and experience necessary to prosecute the matter." (Id., citing Moody v. Arable, 498 So.2d 1081.)

         BOA argues the fees incurred were for "time spent reviewing the relevant loan documents, sending demand letters to Defendants, negotiating with counsel for Defendants, preparing and filing the Complaint, briefing the Motion for Summary Judgment, opposing Defendants' Cross-Motion for Summary Judgment, drafting a request for entry of money judgment, and briefing the instant attorneys' fees motion. (Doc. 28-1, citing Crowson's affidavit, Doc. 28-3.) Arguing for the reasonableness of the amount demanded for attorneys' fees and costs, BOA states "given the amount of the Final Money Judgment for sums due under the [Loan Agreement], which exceeds $469, 000, the attorneys' fees and expenses sought by [BOA] are well less than 25% of the amount of the Judgment and are per se reasonable. Therefore, [BOA] requests that the Court grant this Motion and enter an award of attorneys' fees and expenses in the amount of $23, 147.50." (Doc. 28-1, at 4-5.)


         Crowson's affidavit does not specify when work on behalf of BOA in this matter began. Rather, it merely submits "billing statements and invoices for this matter from June 30, 2015 through August 29, 2016." (Doc. 28-3 at 1.) However, it appears from the billing records supporting Crowson's affidavit that the first activity billed for in this matter occurred on April 28, 2015 when Crowson reviewed and analyzed the project loan finance agreement and prepared a default letter to the borrower/guarantor. (Doc. 28-4.) In reviewing the record and documents attached to BOA's motion for summary judgment, Emery DDS first defaulted on this loan on March 1, 2014 (Doc. 1-5; Doc. 8-1 at paragraph 11; Doc. 8-9 at 2), and negotiations between BOA and Defendants began shortly thereafter. The Court's detailed summary of these negotiations is found at Doc. 22 at 3-10.

         Although much of the early work of negotiation was handled directly by BOA vice-president Brenda R. Temple (Doc 22 at 8), the uncontradicted affidavit of attorney Crowson and supporting documents show that the attorney's involvement in the case began in late April 2015. (Doc. 28-4.) Although Crowson's letter of representation is dated November 9, 2015, the letter does not represent that this is the date the attorneys were actually retained in the matter. The billing documents reflect that attorney Crowson first become involved some seven months earlier. A fair reading of the billing documents, in the context of the affidavit's representations, reflect that the attorney was advising BOA regarding the pre-November 9, 2015 negotiations with Defendants. Therefore the Court finds Defendants' argument that the Court should not consider attorney fees and bills before November 9, 2015 is without merit.

         Defendants do not challenge the amount of the costs but do argue, without citation of authority or analysis, that the rate of $290.00 per hour for the attorneys' fees is excessive.

         In Martin v. Eaton Law Grp. Attorneys, LLC, No. CIV.A. 12-00781-BAJ, 2014 WL 5668207, at *1 (M.D. La. Nov. 4, 2014), this Court explained, ""The calculation of attorney's fees involves a well-established process." ... "First, the court calculates a 'lodestar' fee by multiplying the reasonable number of hours expended on the case by the reasonable hourly rates for the participating lawyers. The court then considers whether the lodestar figure should be adjusted upward or downward depending on the ...

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