United States District Court, E.D. Louisiana
ORDER AND REASONS
MARY ANN VIAL LEMMON, District Judge.
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Regions Bank's Motion to Reconsider Denial of Motion for Summary Judgment, Motion for Partial Summary Judgment, and Motion for Findings Pursuant to Rule 56(g), Fed. R. Civ. Pro. and Motion for Summary Judgment on Remaining Claims (Doc. #37) are DENIED.
This matter is before the court on a motion filed by defendant, Regions Bank. Regions seeks reconsideration of this court's April 10, 2015, Order and Reasons (Doc. #36) denying its motion for summary judgment on the application of the doctrine of res judicata (Doc. #15). Alternatively, Regions seeks partial summary judgment or a ruling under Rule 56(g) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure finding that some of plaintiff's claims are precluded under the doctrine of res judicata, and summary judgment on plaintiff's remaining claims.
In 2005, Ursulines sought to purchase vacant land in the Treme neighborhood of New Orleans, Louisiana for the purpose of developing a condominium complex. On July 8, 2005, Regions' predecessor in interest, AmSouth Bank, wrote to Cesar Burgos, Ursulines' representative, discussing the possibility of AmSouth's providing a construction loan to Ursulines, and outlining the terms and conditions of any such loan. That correspondence stated that it was "for discussion purposes only" and that "[t]his letter is not to be construed as a commitment to lend, but as an expression of [AmSouth's] interest in providing the financing outlined above." One of the terms of the proposal was the pre-sale of five of the condominium units.
On July 13, 2005, AmSouth issued a commitment letter to Burgos, in which it agreed to lend Ursulines $1, 050, 000 or 80% of the acceptable appraised value of the land or 75% of the contract price for the purchase of the land. The commitment letter did not include discussion of the construction loan that was proposed in the July 8, 2005, communication.
On August 12, 2005, a certified appraiser valued the property at $1, 400, 000. On August 15, 2005, Ursulines purchased the property for $1, 400, 000, and executed a loan agreement and a promissory note secured by a mortgage on the property in favor of AmSouth in the principal amount of $1, 050, 000. Thereafter, Ursulines engaged an architect to design the condominium complex, and began to pre-sell the properties. By August 29, 2005, Ursulines had pre-sold five units.
In February 2006, a certified appraiser reconfirmed that the value of the land was $1, 400, 000, and found that the value of the proposed improvements had a prospective market value of $7, 600, 000.
In May 2006, AmSouth merged with Regions, and Regions became the owner of the August 15, 2005, loan agreement and promissory note. However, Regions would not offer Ursulines a construction loan conforming to the terms that AmSouth outlined in the July 8, 2005, proposal. Instead, Regions required Ursulines to pre-sell all of the units to obtain the construction loan.
Thereafter, Ursulines renewed the promissory note with Regions several times, each time extending its maturity date. Ursulines alleges that it timely made all payments on the loan and reduced the principal balance while Regions held it. Ursulines claims that it invested over $1, 094, 730 toward the project, and Regions' new requirements to obtain the construction loan rendered impossible the condominium construction project.
Ursulines alleges that in August 2009, it learned that the loan was placed in Regions' "Special Assets' division, typically reserved for non-payment loan accounts, " and was informed that Regions "wished for Ursulines to either move the loan or right-size' the loan." Ursulines also alleges that it "learned that Regions had conducted an appraisal of the Property in November 2008 and valued the property at: $575, 000, which was 41% of the appraised value in August 2005." Ursulines claims that the November 2008 appraisal was incorrect because the property did not flood during Hurricane Katrina or Hurricane Rita and was adjacent to the French Quarter, and that Regions would not provide Ursulines with a copy of the appraisal.
Ursulines alleges that Regions then became "unyielding in its refusal to extend the maturity date of the loan beyond September 25, 2009, " and Ursulines "was thus forced to seek assistance from another lending institution before discharging the loan, and also incur additional refinancing costs."
Ursulines sought to refinance the loan with First NBC Bank. First NBC conducted an appraisal of the land on September 15, 2009, and found its value to be $1, 215, 000, which was 86% of the August 2005 appraisal value. However, First NBC would refinance only 70% of the appraised value, which was $789, 750. Thus, Regions retained the remaining $218, 224 of the mortgage note, "and Ursulines was told to move the note or Regions would move forward with defaulting Ursulines and its guarantors on its mortgage note." Ursulines alleges that it:
was forced to abandon the condominium construction project and due to Regions['] ardent pursuit of defaulting Ursulines on the property[, ] on May 18, 2010[, ] had to sacrifice the project and the valuation of the construction, even recognized by Regions, and sell the Property to a third party purchaser for one million two-hundred and fourteen thousand dollars ($1, 214, 000.00) at a great loss to Ursulines, between interest payments, principal payments, architecture fees, and loss of business opportunity in excess of three million eight hundred thousand dollars ($3, 800, 000.00).
Ursulines alleges that Regions is liable for breach of contract, bad faith, error, detrimental reliance, unjust enrichment, loss of business opportunity and unfair trade practices due to its actions regarding the parties' business relationship stemming from the August 15, 2005, loan agreement and promissory note and any renewals thereof.
Civil Action No. 12-2974
In 2012, Ursulines filed a lawsuit against Regions. Ursulines, L.L.C. v. Regions Bank and ABC Ins. Co., Civil Action No. 12-2974, (E.D. La.). In that action, Ursulines alleged that Regions damaged Ursulines by failing to offer Ursulines a construction loan that conformed to the terms proposed by AmSouth in July 2005. Ursulines alleged that, as a result of Regions' failure to lend, it was forced to abandon the condominium project and lost profits and pre-paid out-of-pocket expenses. Ursulines contended that Regions is liable to it under the theories of breach of contract, fraud, detrimental reliance and unjust enrichment.
Regions filed a motion to dismiss, or alternatively, motion for summary judgment, arguing that Ursulines could not maintain a cause of action against it for failure to lend money to Ursulines because there was never a credit agreement that meets the requirements of Louisiana law. In support of its motion, Regions attached the affidavit of its Assistant Vice President, John W. "Casey" Thornton, Jr. Thornton attested that he maintains the pertinent records at the bank, and there was no credit agreement for the construction loan, only the July 8, 2005, proposal that specifically states that it is not a commitment to lend.
Ursulines argued that its claims were not entirely about the proposed construction loan, but rather that Regions' inducement of Ursulines to enter into the loan to purchase the property, and its detrimental reliance on Regions' representations regarding the construction loan. Ursulines also argued that whether Regions acted fraudulently during the ...