United States District Court, W.D. Louisiana, Lafayette-Opelousas Division
REBECCA F. DOHERTY, District Judge.
Before the Court is the Motion for Summary Judgment [Doc. 33] filed by defendants Stephen Bruner, Tim Hanks, Dexter Bourque, Bart Bouillion, and Colonel Michael Edmonson. The motion is opposed by the plaintiff [Doc. 48]. Because of the lack of clarity within the motion as to the precise relief requested by the movants, the motion is DENIED, for the reasons set forth more fully below.
I. Factual and Procedural Background
In the instant lawsuit, the plaintiff alleges federal claims pursuant to 42 U.S.C. §§ 1983, 1985, 1988, and the 4th and 14th Amendments of the United States Constitution, as well as state law claims under the Louisiana Constitution and Article 2315 of the Louisiana Civil Code for false arrest, false imprisonment, and malicious prosecution against Officers Bruner, Hanks, Bourque, and Bouillion arising out of plaintiff's undated arrest for negligent homicide, negligent injuring, hit and run, and driving without a license. Plaintiff has alleged claims against Colonel Edmonson for his failure to properly train and supervise the foregoing officers. Supplemental and amending complaints have been filed and various claims have been dismissed by the Court. What is pertinent for the purposes of the instant motion is that all of the defendants have filed a motion for summary judgment raising the issues of qualified immunity and prescription.
In the instant motion, defendants argue as follows:
As finally amended and then limited by Court order, the plaintiff claims that Bruner obtained an arrest warrant, and then Bruner, Hanks and Bouillion arrested claimant on March 12, 2010, pursuant to said arrest warrant. They further claim that Bourque failed to perform an accident reconstruction and that if he had done so he would have determined that claimant was not the operator of the vehicle and claimant would then not have been arrested. They further claim that Edmonson failed to properly train and supervise Bourque, and those failures are why Bourque failed to perform the accident reconstruction.
II. Law and Discussion
1. Summary Judgment Standard
"A party against whom a claim, counterclaim, or cross-claim is asserted or declaratory judgment is sought may, at any time, move with or without supporting affidavits for summary judgment in the parties' favor as to all or any part thereof." Fed. R. Civ. Pro. 56(b). Summary judgment is appropriate if "the pleadings, depositions, answers to interrogatories, and admissions on file, together with the affidavits, if any, show there is no genuine issue as to any material fact and that the moving party is entitled to a judgment as a matter of law." Fed. R. Civ. Pro. 56(c).
When a motion for summary judgment is made and supported as provided in this rule, an adverse party may not rest upon the mere allegations or denials of the adverse party's pleading, but the adverse party's response by affidavits or is otherwise provided in this rule, must set forth specific facts showing that there is a genuine issue for trial. If the adverse party does not so respond, summary judgment, if appropriate, shall be entered against the adverse party.
Fed. R. Civ. Pro. 56(e)
As summarized by the Fifth Circuit in Lindsey v. Sears Roebuck and Co., 16 F.3d 616, 618 (5th Cir. 1994):
When seeking summary judgment, the movant bears the initial responsibility of demonstrating the absence of an issue of material fact with respect to those issues on which the movant bears the burden of proof at trial. Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317 (1986). However, where the non-movant bears the burden of proof at trial, the movant may merely point to an absence of evidence, thus shifting to the non-movant the burden of demonstrating by competent summary judgment proof that there is an issue of material fact warranting trial. Id. at 322; see also, Moody v. Jefferson Parish School Board, 2 F.3d 604, 606 (5th Cir. 1993); Duplantis v. Shell Offshore, Inc., 948 F.2d 187, 190 (5th Cir.1991). Only when "there is sufficient ...