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Bergeron v. Zurich American Insurance Co.

United States District Court, E.D. Louisiana

June 22, 2015




KURT D. ENGELHARDT United States District Judge

Before the Court is Plaintiff’s “Motion to Sever Maintenance and Cure Cause of Action” (Rec. Doc. 8). For the reasons stated herein, IT IS ORDERED that Plaintiff’s motion is DENIED.


When evaluating a plaintiff’s request for severance, and expedited trial, of maintenance and cure claims, courts consider the following factors: (1) the plaintiff’s interest in an expedited trial of the maintenance and cure issue; (2) the proximity of the scheduled trial date; (3) whether the plaintiff requested a jury trial; and (4) whether the non-moving party opposes the motion. See, e.g., Cooper v. Nabors Offshore, Inc., No. 03-0344, 2003 WL 22174237, at *1 (E.D. La. Sept. 9, 2003) (Vance, J.). Despite Defendant’s opposition, Plaintiff argues that these factors “weigh heavily” in favor of his motion. Specifically, regarding the first factor, Plaintiff maintains that he is “under extreme financial hardship”and requires surgery for which Defendant thus far has refused to pay. He also contends that severance is generally allowed when, as here, the scheduled trial date is six months away.[1]

Disagreeing with Plaintiff’s position, Massman Construction Co. (“Defendant”) cites Cooper to rebut Plaintiff’s claim that “extreme financial hardship” warrants severance.[2] Defendant additionally argues that, in any event, Plaintiff is not under extreme financial hardship because he has received $18, 570.00 in workers’ compensation benefits and refused Defendant’s offer of light duty work (at full pay). With respect to Plaintiff’s surgery request, Defendant emphasizes that Plaintiff failed to attend a scheduled independent medical examination intended to provide an independent evaluation of the alleged need for surgery. Defendant further claims that an earlier trial of the maintenance and cure claim would not take place within any appreciable time difference because the current trial date is only six months away[3] and discovery will take a few months to complete.

After carefully reviewing the information provided by the parties, the Court finds severance of Plaintiff’s maintenance and care claim inappropriate. Plaintiff’s primary argument for severance is that he is under extreme financial hardship due to Defendant’s termination of his benefits. As urged by Defendant, however, financial hardship generally does not warrant severance and expedited trial of maintenance and cure claims.[4] See, e.g., Cooper, 2003 WL 22174237, at *1; Grunderstrom v. 4-J’s Enter., No. 03-2657, 2004 WL 551207, at *1 (E.D. La. Mar. 18, 2004) (Vance, J.) (denying motion to sever premised upon the plaintiff’s inability to afford surgery). Furthermore, the November 9, 2015 trial date is now less than five months away and the deadline for discovery, which presumably is ongoing, is not until August.[5] As such, even if expedited, a separate trial of Plaintiff’s maintenance and cure claim likely would be held only a month or two before the currently set date for trial of all issues. On the showing made, it is not apparent to the Court that such limited relief would materially impact the outcome of Plaintiff’s surgery or his overall financial situation.[6] Finally, because Defendant has requested a jury trial, granting Plaintiff’s severance request would necessitate two separate trial proceedings. Considering that a significant amount of the parties’ evidence likely relates to all of Plaintiff’s claims, and therefore would be reiterated at the second proceeding, judicial economy and efficiency weigh in favor of having a single trial (on November 9, 2015) of all the issues.

Given the foregoing, the Court finds that Plaintiff has not demonstrated that severance and expedited trial of his maintenance and cure claim are warranted. Therefore, IT IS ORDERED that Plaintiffs motion is DENIED.[7]

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