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O'Quinn v. Gautreaux

United States District Court, M.D. Louisiana

June 18, 2015

OTIS WILLIAM O'QUINN, ET AL
v.
SID GAUTREAUX, III, ET AL

RULING ON MOTION TO STAY DISCOVERY PENDING APPEAL

STEPHEN C. RIEDLINGER, Magistrate Judge.

Before the court is the Motion to Stay Discovery Pending Appeal filed by defendants East Baton Rouge Parish Sheriff Sid J. Gautreaux, III, East Baton Rouge Parish Prison Warden Dennis Grimes, Lt. D. Barrick, Cpl. Matthew Shumate, Lt. LaMotte and Cpl. Grant (collectively, "EBR Sheriff Defendants"). Record document number 39. Plaintiffs filed an opposition.[1]

The EBR Sheriff Defendants sought a stay of all discovery as to them pending the outcome of their appeal from the Ruling and Order issued March 31, 2015.[2] Plaintiffs argued that the EBR Sheriff Defendants' appeal is invalid, and even if it is not it has little chance of success. Plaintiffs also argued that even if this court no longer has jurisdiction over the claims against the EBR Sheriff Defendants in their individual capacities, the case may proceed on the claims against any of these defendants sued in their official capacity, and therefore discovery should be allowed as to such defendants.

Essentially for the reasons argued by the EBR Sheriff Defendants, their motion has merit. As these defendants correctly argued, generally the denial of a qualified immunity defense is immediately appealable.[3] That is so here because the defense was raised in a Rule 12(b)(6), Fed.R.Civ.P., motion which requires the court to accept the well-pleaded factual allegations as true and then decide the legal issues.[4] As to these defendants sued in their individual capacity, if they are entitled to qualified immunity that immunity includes not only immunity from liability but also relieves them of the burden of discovery. The Ruling and Order denied the EBR Sheriff Defendants' Motion to Dismiss, and in places stated that the plaintiffs' allegations were sufficient to warrant additional discovery relevant to claims which are subject to the qualified immunity defense.[5] The ruling left open the possibility of raising the defense again should discovery reveal additional facts that support the plaintiffs' claims.

The foregoing discussion is not a reevaluation of the merits of the defendants' qualified immunity defense or any kind of prediction as to the merits of the defendants' appeal. Rather, it is to explain why the plaintiff's argument that the EBR Sheriff Defendants' appeal is invalid or meritless is unpersuasive. In the circumstances here, it cannot be said that their appeal is so obviously lacking that discovery as to EBR Sheriff Defendants should be allowed to proceed notwithstanding their appeal.[6]

There is no practical way of protecting the EBR Sheriff Defendants sued in their individual capacity from the burdens of discovery while allowing the plaintiffs to pursue discovery from them insofar as they were sued in their official capacity. Suing the EBR Sheriff Defendants in their official capacity is equivalent to suing the agency they work for, i.e. the East Baton Rouge Parish Sheriff. The sheriff was sued in his official capacity, too. And the Ruling and Order found that the plaintiffs sufficiently pled claims that allow for discovery regarding "municipal liability" from Sheriff Gautreaux in his official capacity.[7] Therefore, pursuant to the Ruling and Order, discovery may proceed against Sheriff Gautreaux insofar as he was sued in his official capacity.

Lastly, after this motion was filed the plaintiffs and the EBR Sheriff Defendants filed a Joint Notice of Settlement and sought entry of an order of conditional dismissal.[8] The notice did not indicate whether these parties had reached any agreement regarding disposition of this motion, or seeking discovery from the EBR Sheriff Defendants, or the defendants' appeal. Therefore, this ruling is not intended to trump any agreement reached by these parties regarding discovery from defendant Sheriff Gautreaux or any of the other EBR Sheriff Defendants.

Accordingly, Motion to Stay Discovery Pending Appeal filed by defendants East Baton Rouge Parish Sheriff Sid J. Gautreaux, III, East Baton Rouge Parish Prison Warden Dennis Grimes, Lt. D. Barrick, Cpl. Matthew Shumate, Lt. LaMotte and Cpl. Grant is granted in part. The motion is granted as to all discovery sought by the plaintiffs from these defendants insofar as they were sued in their individual capacity. The motion is also granted as to all discovery sought by the plaintiffs from these defendants, except Sheriff Gautreaux, insofar as they were sued in their official capacity. The motion is denied as to discovery sought by the plaintiffs from defendant Sheriff Gautreaux insofar as he was sued in his official capacity. However, this ruling does not supercede or negate any agreement between the plaintiffs and defendant Sheriff Gautreaux, or any of the other EBR Sheriff Defendants, which may have been made as part of the settlement of the claims between the plaintiffs and the EBR Sheriff Defendants.


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