United States District Court, E.D. Louisiana
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
DANIEL E. KNOWLES, III, District Judge.
Plaintiff, Claude Herman Galmore, filed this pro se and in forma pauperis civil action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. In this lawsuit, he challenged the adequacy of his medical care at the Lafourche Parish Detention Center.
This Court's Local Rules provide:
The failure of an attorney or pro se litigant to notify the court of a current e-mail or postal address may be considered cause for dismissal for failure to prosecute when a notice is returned to the court because of an incorrect address and no correction is made to the address for a period of 35 days from the return.
Local Rule 41.3.1. More than thirty five days ago, mail sent to plaintiff at the Lafourche Parish Detention Center, his address of record, was returned by the United States Postal Service as undeliverable because he was no longer incarcerated at that facility. Subsequent mail has also been returned for that same reason. On March 31, 2015, the undersigned's staff confirmed with an official of the Lafourche Parish Sheriff's Office that plaintiff is at the Lafourche Parish Detention Center.
This Court's Local Rules additionally provide: "Each attorney and pro se litigant has a continuing obligation promptly to notify the court of any address or telephone number change." Local Rule 11.1. It is clear that plaintiff was in fact aware of that obligation, in that his complaint included the following declaration: "I understand that if I am released or transferred, it is my responsibility to keep the Court informed of my whereabouts and failure to do so may result in this action being dismissed with prejudice." Because plaintiff has failed to meet that obligation, the Court has no way to contact him or to advance his case on the docket.
In light of the foregoing, it is appropriate to dismiss plaintiff's complaint for want of prosecution. The authority of a federal trial court to dismiss a plaintiff's action because of failure to prosecute is clear. Link v. Wabash R.R., 370 U.S. 626 (1962); McCullough v. Lynaugh, 835 F.2d 1126 (5th Cir. 1988). The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure specifically provide that a court may, in its discretion, dismiss a plaintiff's action for failure to prosecute or for failure to comply with the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure or any order of the court and that such a dismissal is considered to be an adjudication on the merits. Fed.R.Civ.P. 41(b). The Court's power to dismiss for want of prosecution should be used sparingly, although it may be exercised sua sponte whenever necessary to achieve the orderly and expeditious disposition of cases. Ramsay v. Bailey, 531 F.2d 706, 707 (5th Cir. 1976).
Because plaintiff is proceeding pro se, the Court need only consider his conduct in determining whether dismissal is proper under Rule 41(b). As noted, plaintiff has failed to provide the Court with his current address despite being aware of his obligation to do so, and mail sent to him at his address of record has been returned as undeliverable. Due solely to plaintiff's failure, his whereabouts are unknown, and this Court has no way to advance this case on the docket. Therefore, his complaint should be dismissed for failure to prosecute.
It is therefore RECOMMENDED that plaintiff's complaint be DISMISSED WITH PREJUDICE for failure to prosecute.
A party's failure to file written objections to the proposed findings, conclusions, and recommendation in a magistrate judge's report and recommendation within fourteen (14) days after being served with a copy shall bar that party, except upon grounds of plain error, from attacking on appeal the unobjected-to proposed factual findings and legal conclusions accepted by the district court, provided that the party has been served with notice that such consequences will result from a ...