United States District Court, Middle District of Louisiana
March 18, 2015
LORENZO C. WIGGINS #339039
N. BURL CAIN, ET AL.
RULING AND ORDER
BRIAN A. JACKSON, CHIEF JUDGE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
This matter comes before the Court on Petitioner Lorenzo C. Wiggins's Petition Under 28 U.S.C. § 2254 for a Writ of Habeas Corpus (Doc. 1), asserting the following grounds for habeas relief: (1) suppression of favorable evidence by the prosecution, and (2) ineffective assistance of counsel. Both of Petitioner's claims are predicated upon the contention that he was not timely made aware of the contents of audio-recorded statements by witnesses Lawrence Jones and Ryan Jackson in his state court proceedings. Petitioner argues that discrepancies between the witness statements to police and their trial testimony were significant to the outcome of his trial, not only for impeachment purposes, but also to bolster a theory of defense due to provocation. (Doc. 1 at 25-26). Petitioner contends that, in the course of his post-conviction relief applications in state court, the state court Commissioner, after conducting an evidentiary hearing, adjudicated his claims resulting "in a decision that was contrary to, or involved an unreasonable application of, clearly established law" or "in a decision that was based on an unreasonable determination of the facts in light of the evidence presented in the state court proceedings." See 28 U.S.C. § 2254(d); (Doc. 1 at p. 23).
In the instant federal habeas proceeding, the Magistrate Judge issued a Report and Recommendation (Doc. 31) and Supplemental Report and Recommendation (Doc. 39),  recommending that the Court deny the instant petition in its entirety. Petitioner timely filed his Objections (Docs. 33, 40) to the Magistrate Judge's Reports. In his latest Objection, Petitioner requested the Court take judicial notice that "he is abandoning all reference to witness Jones recorded statement and direct the Court's attention [sic] to the recorded statement of Ryan Jackson." (Doc. 40 at p. 2 n.1). Having reviewed Jackson's recorded statement and the rest of the state court record, this Court concludes that Petitioner has not met his burden to rebut, by clear and convincing evidence, the correctness of the state court Commissioner's findings, which were adopted by the state trial court.
To prevail on his claim that the prosecution unlawfully suppressed evidence favorable to him, Petitioner must prove: (1) the prosecution suppressed evidence; (2) this evidence was favorable to the accused; and (3) the evidence was material either to guilt or punishment. Brogdon v. Blackburn, 790 F.2d 1164, 1167 (5th Cir. 1986) (internal quotation marks omitted). Petitioner argues that the prosecution failed to disclose Jackson's recorded statements. Yet after hearing testimony from investigators, the trial prosecutor, and defense counsel, the state court Commissioner found that the State provided defense counsel with police reports containing summaries of the taped statements and specified that the tapes were available for inspection by defense counsel. Petitioner has not met his burden to rebut such a finding. Additionally, to the extent that inconsistencies exist between Jackson's recorded statement and his trial testimony, this Court concludes the state court was reasonable in determining that those inconsistencies were not material.
Insofar as Petitioner claims that the prosecution knowingly used perjured testimony to obtain his conviction, the Court disagrees. In order to establish a Napue violation wherein the government knowingly elicited, or failed to correct, materially false statements from its witnesses, Petitioner must show (1) the statements in question are actually false; (2) the prosecution knew that the statements were false; and (3) the statements were material. United States v. Haese, 162 F.3d 359, 365 (5th Cir. 1998). Even assuming without deciding that Jackson's statements at trial were material, Petitioner has made absolutely no showing that Jackson's trial testimony was false, nor that the prosecutor deliberately and knowingly introduced or failed to correct perjured testimony.
Lastly, the Court finds meritless Petitioner's claim of ineffective assistance of counsel based on his trial counsel's failure to listen to Jackson's recorded statement. In order to prevail on this claim, Petitioner must show (1) counsel's performance was deficient, and (2) the deficient performance prejudiced the defense, depriving the defendant of a fair trial whose result is reliable. Strickland v. Washington, 466 U.S. 668, 687 (1984). To prove that counsel's performance was deficient, Petitioner must show "that counsel's representation fell below an objective standard of reasonableness." Reed v. Stephens, 739 F.3d 753, 773 (5th Cir. 2014). Petitioner must demonstrate a "reasonable probability that, but for counsel's unprofessional errors, the result of the proceeding would have been different." Strickland, 466 U.S. at 694. Judicial scrutiny of counsel's performance must be highly deferential to avoid "distorting effects of hindsight." Carty v. Thaler, 583 F.3d 244, 258 (5th Cir. 2009).
Here, the state court Commissioner found that although his trial counsel Susan Henry Hebert "admitted at the post-conviction evidentiary hearing that she did not listen to the taped statements, " she also testified that Petitioner "never provided her with any account of the events that would support an attempted manslaughter charge." Instead, according to Hebert, Petitioner "maintained he never took the gun." Petitioner has not succeeded in rebutting the Commissioner's Findings of fact on this issue.
Without her knowledge of facts supporting a defense of provocation, defense counsel's failure to examine the tapes did not fall below an objective standard of reasonableness. Moreover, this Court's review of the tapes of recorded witness statements reveals that witnesses Jones and Jackson both relayed to the police that Petitioner's involvement in any fighting ended prior to the shooting and Petitioner was in no immediate danger when shots were fired. Because the witnesses' recorded statements did not contain significant impeachment or exculpatory value, the state court was reasonable in concluding that there was not a reasonable probability the outcome of Petitioner's trial would have been different but for his counsel's failure to listen to the tapes.
In the instant habeas petition, Petitioner has failed to meet his burden to rebut, by clear and convincing evidence, the presumption of correctness of the Commissioner's factual findings. Petitioner has not established that the state court's decision was contrary to, or involved unreasonable application of, clearly established law, nor that it was an unreasonable determination of facts in light of the evidence presented during state court proceedings. See 28 U.S.C. § 2254(d).
Having carefully considered the instant petition-including- Petitioner's objections-the Court APPROVES the Magistrate Judge's Report and Recommendation (Doc. 31) and Supplemental Report and Recommendation (Doc. 39) and ADOPTS them as the Court's opinion in this matter, in conjunction with the instant Ruling and Order.
IT IS ORDERED that Petitioner Lorenzo C. Wiggins's Petition Under 28 U.S.C. § 2254 for a Writ of Habeas Corpus (Doc. 1) is DENIED.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that a certificate of appealability is DENIED because Petitioner has failed to make "a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right." 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2).