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In re Committee on Bar Admissions CFN-3313

Supreme Court of Louisiana

March 13, 2015


Editorial Note:

This Pagination of this case accurately reflects the pagination of the original published, though it may appears out of sequence.

IN RE: Confidential Party; -- Plaintiff; Applying For Admission.

Conditional admission granted.

Jefferson D. Hughes, III, Bernette J. Johnson, Jeannette Theriot Knoll, John L. Weimer, Greg G. Guidry. CRICHTON, J., dissents and would deny admission and assigns reasons. CLARK, J., dissents and would deny admission and assigns reasons, and additionally for the reasons assigned by Justice Crichton.




After reviewing the evidence and considering the law, we conclude petitioner is eligible to be admitted to the practice of law in Louisiana, subject to the following conditions:

I. The term of this conditional admission shall be for two years from the date of admission. However, petitioner's conditional admission status shall not be terminated until this court so orders.

II. Within thirty days of petitioner's admission, she shall enter into a formal plan with the Office of Disciplinary Counsel (" ODC" ) incorporating the following conditions:

A. During the period of this conditional admission, petitioner shall attend and successfully complete the Louisiana State Bar Association's Ethics School program.
B. Petitioner shall request that the ODC appoint a practice monitor to supervise her professional activities during the period of this conditional admission. Petitioner shall comply with all reasonable requests of her practice monitor.
C. Petitioner shall cooperate with the ODC, and shall comply with any and all requirements imposed upon her by the ODC.

[2014-2608 La. 2] III. Within thirty days prior to the expiration of the conditional admission, the ODC shall file a report in this court in which it shall recommend to the court that the conditional admission be allowed to terminate or be extended.

Should petitioner fail to make a good faith effort to satisfy these conditions, or should she commit any misconduct during the period of probation, her conditional right to practice may be terminated or she may be subjected to other discipline pursuant to the Rules for Lawyer Disciplinary Enforcement.


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[2014-2608 La. 1] CRICHTON, J., dissents:

Petitioner's long record of deceitful and dishonest conduct was the basis for the denial of her application for admission to the bar in 2012. She now reapplies for admission -- but in my view, she has made a woefully inadequate showing of any circumstances relevant to her good moral character having changed since the prior application was denied. Therefore, I would not consider her application. See In re: Jordan, 00-3006 (La. 12/15/00), 775 So.2d 1065. Even if I were inclined to consider this new application, the burden of proving rehabilitation rests squarely on petitioner, and she has utterly failed to meet her burden.

Although this court has not squarely addressed rehabilitation's exact meaning in the bar admission context,[1] I believe petitioner should demonstrate the following factors: candor and full disclosure to the Committee on Bar Admissions, a renunciation of her past misconduct, the absence of intervening misconduct, a particularly productive use of her time subsequent to the misconduct, affirmative recommendations from those who know of the misconduct, and restitution, if appropriate. I also believe the burden of proving rehabilitation should be raised in proportion to the seriousness of the conduct.

Applying this view to the instant case, I find that petitioner has provided little in the way of evidence supporting her claim that she is reformed. Instead, her application to this court consists mostly of argument unsupported by any evidence [2014-2608 La. 2] of positive action and good deeds. There is no

Page 755

evidence that petitioner has made restitution to the victims of her past misconduct in an effort to atone for the harm she caused, nor is there any showing of civic, church, and charitable involvement. Petitioner has submitted no letters of support and recommendation from her employers, friends, and colleagues. On what basis are we to conclude that petitioner is worthy of the trust and confidence clients should expect of their attorneys -- or what the public should expect of this noble profession?

On the meager showing made by petitioner, I would deny admission and therefore respectfully dissent.

[2014-2608 La. 1] CLARK, J., dissenting.

I dissent and assign reasons, and additionally dissent for the reasons assigned by Justice Crichton.

This Court denied petitioner's admission to the bar nearly two years ago. Then, the Court found that petitioner had " engaged in a pattern of conduct which is fundamentally inconsistent with a lawyer's duties of truth and honesty." This pattern of conduct included petitioner's omitting a civil lawsuit from bankruptcy pleadings that she signed under penalty of perjury; giving false testimony under oath that all of her assets were listed in the bankruptcy petition; and, after having been granted a discharge in bankruptcy, agreeing to a settlement of the civil suit and then retaining the settlement funds for herself. This conduct constituted bankruptcy fraud and caused significant harm to petitioner's creditors, as by the time the bankruptcy trustee learned of the settlement, petitioner had spent the money she received and the trustee had to abandon any claim on behalf of her creditors. These circumstances, the Court agreed, supported our conclusion that petitioner lacked the moral fitness for admission to the bar.

The burden of proving reform rests on the petitioner, and merely showing that she is now living and doing those things that she should have done throughout life does not prove rehabilitation. Neither is the passage of time alone sufficient to demonstrate a change in circumstances. Based on the information contained in her present filing, petitioner has made no showing of changed circumstances since this [2014-2608 La. 2] Court's March 2012 action denying her admission. Her explanation of the bankruptcy matter was considered in the earlier proceeding and thus cannot possibly represent " changed circumstances." She contends that she obtained religious and financial counseling, but she provides no evidence of such. She also claims to have sought counsel with a bankruptcy attorney to " discover" if restitution was an " option," but she failed to take this important step until eight years had passed from her discharge in bankruptcy and restitution through the bankruptcy court was no longer available. Finally, petitioner's attendance at a seven-hour CLE course in 2013 contributes nothing to the consideration of her good moral character.

In In re: Jordan, 00-3006 (La. 12/15/00), 775 So.2d 1065, this Court denied an application for admission on the ground that the applicant had failed to show any evidence of changed circumstances since her original application had been denied. A similar order would be appropriate here.

By admitting petitioner to the Louisiana Bar, the Court is lowering the standards demanded of members of the Bar.

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