United States District Court, Eastern District of Louisiana
CANAL BARGE COMPANY, INC.
SUN COAST CONTRACTING SERVICES, LLC
SECTION: "H" (3)
ORDER AND REASONS
JANE TRICHE MILAZZO, UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Before the Court is Plaintiff's Motion for Summary Judgment (Doc. 18). For the following reasons, the Motion is GRANTED. The Court will issue judgment in favor of Plaintiff.
In this Admiralty action, Plaintiff asserts a single breach of contract claim against Defendant. Plaintiff, the owner of several barges, alleges that it chartered the barges to Defendant pursuant to a "Deck Master Barge Bareboat Charter Party ("the Charter"). Plaintiff claims that it complied with all provisions of the Charter but that Defendant has refused to pay several outstanding invoices totaling $30, 646.00. Plaintiff now seeks summary judgment.
Summary judgment is appropriate "if the pleadings, depositions, answers to interrogatories, and admissions on file, together with affidavits, if any, show that there is no genuine issue as to any material fact and that the moving party is entitled to a judgment as a matter of law." A genuine issue of fact exists only "if the evidence is such that a reasonable jury could return a verdict for the nonmoving party."
In determining whether the movant is entitled to summary judgment, the Court views facts in the light most favorable to the non-movant and draws all reasonable inferences in his favor. "If the moving party meets the initial burden of showing that there is no genuine issue of material fact, the burden shifts to the non-moving party to produce evidence or designate specific facts showing the existence of a genuine issue for trial." Summary judgment is appropriate if the non-movant "fails to make a showing sufficient to establish the existence of an element essential to that party’s case." "In response to a properly supported motion for summary judgment, the non-movant must identify specific evidence in the record and articulate the manner in which that evidence supports that party’s claim, and such evidence must be sufficient to sustain a finding in favor of the non-movant on all issues as to which the non-movant would bear the burden of proof at trial." "We do not . . . in the absence of any proof, assume that the nonmoving party could or would prove the necessary facts."Additionally, "[t]he mere argued existence of a factual dispute will not defeat an otherwise properly supported motion."
LAW AND ANALYSIS
Defendant has not opposed this Motion. This does not, however, mean that the Court may grant the Motion as unopposed. Rather, the Fifth Circuit approaches the automatic grant of dispositive motions with considerable aversion. Indeed, on a motion for summary judgment, the moving party still "has the burden of establishing that there is no genuine dispute of material fact; and, unless that party does so, a court may not grant the motion, regardless [of] whether any response is filed." In this District, the failure to file an opposition requires the Court to deem the moving party's statements of uncontested material facts admitted. Nonetheless, the moving party must still make a prima facie showing of its entitlement to judgment. Based on Plaintiff's statement of uncontested material facts and this Court's independent review of the record, there are no genuine disputes of material fact with respect to Plaintiff's entitlement to judgment under the Charter.
The Charter is a maritime contract governed by federal law. When interpreting a maritime contract, the general rules of contract interpretation apply. If a contract is unambiguous, the Court may not go beyond the four corners of the contract and must enforce the contract according to its plain meaning.
The Charter's relevant terms are clear and unambiguous. It provides that Plaintiff will, from time to time, provide barges to Defendant at its request. Defendant was obligated to pay any invoices issued pursuant to the Charter within 30 days after they were issued. The Charter also provides that all late invoices would be subject to a 1.5% monthly interest rate and that if Plaintiff was obliged to file suit to enforce the Charter, it would be entitled to attorney's fees of at least 25% of Plaintiff's total recovery.
Plaintiff has also submitted an affidavit from Spencer Murphy, its Vice President. The affidavit alleges that Plaintiff provided Defendant with several barges as required by the Charter but that 25 invoices remain outstanding. Plaintiff has submitted copies of the 25 outstanding invoices. These facts are also alleged in Plaintiff's Statement of Material Facts. As explained above, these facts are deemed admitted by Defendant's failure to oppose this Motion.
Accordingly, it is clear that Defendant has breached its obligations under the Charter. Therefore, it is liable to Plaintiff in the amount of the outstanding ...