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Jones v. Sewerage and Water Board of New Orleans

United States District Court, E.D. Louisiana

December 15, 2014



DANIEL E. KNOWLES, III, District Judge.

Before the Court is the Motion to Fix Attorneys' Fees [Doc. #24] filed by defendants Sewerage & Water Board of New Orleans ("SWB") and Marcia St. Martin (collectively, "defendants"). The motion is opposed. [Doc. #28].[1] For the following reasons, the Court grants in part the motion.

I. Background

Plaintiff Cassandra Jones, a SWB employee, filed this lawsuit against defendants on October 29, 2013, alleging discrimination based on sex and retaliation under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The parties exchanged initial disclosures, and the SWB then propounded requests for admission, requests for production of documents, and interrogatories on Jones on June 10, 2014. The SWB e-mailed a copy to Jones' counsel on June 10, 2014, and a second copy was sent via certified mail the next day. The responses were due on July 10, 2014.

On July 15, 2014, five days after the discovery responses were due, counsel for the SWB emailed plaintiff's counsel to request the status of the outstanding discovery, and, in compliance with Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 37, to schedule a phone call in an attempt to resolve the issue outside of court. Plaintiff's attorney failed to participate in the scheduled conference and the SWB's attorneys received no response to a message left with her staff or to a follow-up e-mail sent after the missed Rule 37.1 conference.

Plaintiff's failure to respond to the SWB's discovery requests and failure to respond to inquiries regarding them necessitated that the SWB file a motion to compel discovery responses and for attorneys' fees. (the "Motion") [Doc. #20], which the SWB filed on July 21, 2014. Plaintiff did not oppose the Motion, and this Court granted it as unopposed on August 19, 2014. [Doc. #23], and cancelled the oral argument scheduled for the following day.

The order on the SWB's Motion reserved the right to the SWB "to file the appropriate motion with supporting documentation to recover their fees and costs incurred in the filing of the motion." [ Id. ]. Counsel for defendants now seek $4, 112.50 in attorneys' fees incurred for having had to file the motion to compel.

II. Analysis


The United States Supreme Court and the Fifth Circuit have oft-repeated that a request for attorneys' fees should not spawn major ancillary litigation. Hensley v. Eckerhart, 461 U.S. 424, 437 (1983); Associated Builders & Contractors of La., Inc. v. Orleans Parish School Bd., 919 F.2d 374, 379 (5th Cir.1990). A court's discretion in fashioning a reasonable attorney's fee is broad and reviewable only for an abuse of discretion, i.e., it will not be reversed unless there is strong evidence that it is excessive or inadequate, or the amount chosen is clearly erroneous. Hopwood v. State of Tex., 236 F.3d 256, 277, n.79 (5th Cir. 2000); Hensley, 461 U.S. at 436-37.

To determine a reasonable fee, the court must provide a concise but clear explanation of its reasons for the fee award, making subsidiary factual determinations regarding whether the requested hourly rate is reasonable, and whether the tasks reported by counsel were duplicative, unnecessary, or unrelated to the purposes of the lawsuit. Hensley, 461 U.S. at 437-39; Associated Builders & Contractors, 919 F.2d at 379. The Fifth Circuit has noted that its "concern is not that a complete litany be given, but that the findings be complete enough to assume a review which can determine whether the court has used proper factual criteria in exercising its discretion to fix just compensation." Brantley v. Surles, 804 F.2d 321, 325-26 (5th Cir. 1986).

In assessing the reasonableness of attorneys' fees, the court must first determine the "lodestar" by multiplying the reasonable number of hours expended and the reasonable hourly rate for each participating attorney. See Hensley, 461 U.S. at 433; Green v. Administrators of the Tulane Educ. Fund, 284 F.3d 642, 661 (5th Cir. 2002); Migis v. Pearle Vision, Inc., 135 F.2d 1041, 1047 (5th Cir.1998); La. Power & Light Co. v. Kellstrom, 50 F.3d 319, 324 (5th Cir.1995). The fee applicant bears the burden of proof on this issue. See Riley v. City of Jackson, 99 F.3d 757, 760 (5th Cir.1996); Kellstrom, 50 F.3d at 324; In re Smith, 996 F.2d 973, 978 (5th Cir.1992).

1. Reasonable Hourly Rates

Turning to the time records compiled and submitted by defendants' counsel, counsel seek hourly rates of $200/hour for William D. Aaron, Jr., an attorney with 36 years of experience, $200/hour for DeWayne L. Williams, an attorney with 13 years of experience, and $175/hour for Anna A. Rainer, an attorney with over five years of experience.[2] Having reviewed the most recent case law in this district, the Court finds that, given counsels' ability, competence, experience and skill, the hourly rates are more than reasonable. The majority of the courts in this district sanction similar - and even higher - hourly rates for counsel with similar years of experience. See, e.g., Barrack v. Pailet, Meunier & LeBlanc, L.L.P., Civ. A. No. 12-2716, 2013 WL 6198861 (E.D. La. Nov. 27, 2013 (approving $250/hour for attorney with 24 years experience); Cole v. Orleans Parish Sheriff's Office, Civ. A. No. 11-2211, 2013 WL 5557416 (E.D. La. Oct. 8, 2013) (reducing hourly rates from $300/hour to $275/hour for attorney with 34 years experience and from $300/hour to $250/hour for attorney with 29 years experience); Foley v. SAFG Retirement Servs., Inc., Civ. A. No. 10-2827, 2012 WL 956499 (E.D. La. Mar. 20, 2012) (reducing hourly rates from $450/hour to $350/hour for attorney with 30 years experience and from $300/hour to $275/hour for attorney with eight years experience); Constr. Courht, Inc. v. Jenkins, Civ. A. No. 11-1201, 2001 WL 3882271 (E.D. La. July 29, 2011) (approving $350/hour for partners with 30 and 36 years experience); Johnson v. Big Lots Stores, Inc., 639 F.Supp.2d 696 (E.D. La. 2009) (awarding $300/hour for partners, $225/hour for associates, and $75/hour for paralegals); Creecy v. Metro. Prop. & Cas. Ins., Co., 548 F.Supp.2d 279, 285 (E.D. La. ...

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