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Hamilton v. Coastal Bridge Company, LLC

United States District Court, M.D. Louisiana

December 12, 2014

DWAYNE A. HAMILTON
v.
COASTAL BRIDGE COMPANY, LLC

RULING

RICHARD L. BOURGEOIS, Jr., Magistrate Judge.

Before the Court is plaintiff's Motion to Re-Open and Extend Discovery and Motion to Compel. (R. Doc. 6) ("Motion"). The Motion is opposed. (R. Doc. 7). For the reasons set forth below, the Motion is DENIED.

I. BACKGROUND

A Scheduling Order was entered in this matter on February 20, 2014. (R. Doc. 5). Based on the deadlines in the Scheduling Order, the deadline for filing all discovery motions and completing all discovery except experts was August 22, 2014. No request was ever made or granted to extend this deadline prior to the instant Motion. The parties were advised that "[t]he time limits set forth in this order shall not be modified except by leave of court upon a showing of good cause." (R. Doc. 5 at 3). The parties were also informed that "[j]oint, agreed or unopposed motions" will not be automatically granted and that "a motion to extend any deadline set by this Order must be filed before its expiration." (Id.).

On November 11, 2014, the instant Motion was filed. In the Motion, plaintiff seeks an order that defendant be compelled to submit responses to written discovery that was served on August 22, 2014 and that discovery be reopened and extended to allow for additional fact discovery. Defendant objected to the discovery requests as they conflicted with the deadline imposed by the court. Specifically, the discovery requests were served on the deadline that all discovery was to be completed.

In support of its Motion, plaintiff argues that the parties informally agreed to extend the fact discovery deadline and therefore the written discovery served in August was not untimely. Plaintiff further argues that reopening discovery is warranted because during a corporate deposition conducted on October 23, 2014 (over two months after the deadline to complete fact discovery), plaintiff "discovered for the first time that several additional witnesses should have been listed on the [defendant's] initial disclosures, which were not." (R. Doc. 6-1 at 2).

Defendant denies that there was any informal agreement to extend the fact discovery deadlines for any purpose other than conducting certain depositions. There was no agreement to allow for document requests or other written discovery beyond the deadline ordered by the court.

II. LAW AND ANALYSIS

A. Motion to Compel

The Court's Scheduling Order established August 22, 2014 as the deadline for "completing all discovery." (R. Doc. 5) (emphasis in original). This was not the deadline for initiating fact discovery. See Borniski v. Texas Instruments, Inc., 32 F.Supp.2d 918, 919 (N.D. Tex. 1998) (discovery served on the eve of discovery deadline untimely because "deadline set out in the scheduling order was for the completion, not the initiation, of discovery"). Rule 34(b)(2)(A) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure allows a party 30 days from service to respond to requests for production of documents. And so, "requests must be served at least thirty days prior to the completion of discovery" to be considered timely. Thomas v. Pacificorp, 324 F.3d 1176, 1179 (10th Cir. 2003) (citing Smith v. Principal Cas. Ins. Co., 131 F.R.D. 104, 105 (S.D.Miss. 1990) (finding that "in order to meet the discovery deadline, Plaintiff should have filed his interrogatories at least 30 days before the discovery cutoff")); see also Thomas v. IEM, Inc., No. 06-886, 2008 WL 695230, at *2 (M.D. La. March 12, 2008) (Noland, Mag. J.) (document requests were untimely as the date for responding "would have fallen outside the [January 15] discovery deadline ( i.e., thirty days from service of the Rule 34 request, or January 23, 2008)").

Here, Plaintiff's Requests for Production were untimely served on August 22, 2014, the final day to complete discovery. Defendant was under no obligation to comply with a discovery request that conflicted with the court's deadline.[1] As such, the court will not compel defendant to do so now. Accordingly, the Motion is DENIED as it pertains to plaintiff's request that defendant be ordered to respond to the Requests for Production served on August 22, 2014.

B. Motion to Re-Open Discovery

The Motion also requests that the court "re-open" discovery in this matter. In support of this request, plaintiff points to the aforementioned informal agreement to conduct discovery outside of the deadline as well as defendant's failure to identify certain individuals in its initial disclosures.

Rule 16(b)(4) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure allows for the modification of a scheduling order deadline upon a showing of good cause and with the judge's consent. The Fifth Circuit has explained that a party is required "to show that the deadlines cannot reasonably be met despite the diligence of the party needing the extension." Marathon Fin. Ins. Inc., RRG v. Ford Motor Co., 591 F.3d 458, 470 (5th ...


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