October 8, 2014
RALPH R. CHESSON, M.D
APPEAL FROM CIVIL DISTRICT COURT, ORLEANS PARISH. NO. 2010-03323, DIVISION " D-16" . Honorable Lloyd J. Medley, Judge.
IVAN A. ORIHUELA, RIGUER SILVA, LLC, Kenner, LA, COUNSEL FOR PLAINTIFF/APPELLANT.
JAMES D. " BUDDY" CALDWELL, Attorney General, ANDREE' F. PITARD, Assistant Attorney General, LA DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, New Orleans Litigation Division, New Orleans, LA, COUNSEL FOR DEFENDANT/APPELLEE.
(Court composed of Judge Roland L. Belsome, Judge Rosemary Ledet, Judge Sandra Cabrina Jenkins). BELSOME, J., DISSENTS WITH REASONS.
Sandra Cabrina Jenkins Judge.
[2013-1260 La.App. 4 Cir. 1] In this medical malpractice suit, plaintiff appeals the trial court judgment dismissing her claims for failure to request service within ninety days of filing the petition, as required by La. R.S. 13:5107. For the reasons that follow, we find the trial court did not err in sustaining defendant's exception of insufficiency of service of process and dismissing plaintiff's suit for failure to show good cause as to why service had not been requested.
FACTUAL AND PROCEDURAL BACKGROUND
Plaintiff, Mirna Velasquez, filed a formal complaint with the State of Louisiana Division of Administration on April 4, 2007 requesting that a Medical Review Panel convene in order to review her allegations against Ralph R. Chesson, M.D. (" Dr. Chesson" ). Plaintiff asserts that she submitted to a tubal ligation following childbirth at University Hospital for sterilization purposes. Plaintiff further contends the tubal ligation was performed negligently as she became pregnant a year after the procedure.
[2013-1260 La.App. 4 Cir. 2] The Division of Administration notified plaintiff, by letter dated April 27, 2007, that Dr. Chesson is a qualified state health care provider under the provisions of La. R.S. 40:1299.39.1 and a Certificate of Qualification was issued on June 6, 2007. In January 2010, the Medical Review Panel ultimately concluded that evidence did not support the allegation that Dr. Chesson failed to meet the applicable standard of care as charged in plaintiff's complaint. Plaintiff then filed a petition for damages against Dr. Chesson in the Civil District Court for the Parish of Orleans on April 5, 2010.
On July 15, 2010, defendant filed a declinatory exception of insufficiency of service of process alleging the State was not properly served within ninety days of filing the suit. Following a hearing on September 10, 2010, the trial court sustained defendant's exception and dismissed plaintiff's petition without prejudice. Plaintiff filed a motion for a new trial on September 20, 2010, which was subsequently denied and this appeal ensued. On appeal, plaintiff argues the trial court erred in sustaining defendant's exception and dismissing plaintiff's petition as service on the State was not necessary because Dr. Chesson was not sued in his official capacity as a qualified state health care provider.
As mandated by La. R.S. 13:5107(D) and La. C.C.P. art. 1201(C),
service shall be requested within ninety days of filing suit where the State or state agency, [2013-1260 La.App. 4 Cir. 3] officer, or employee is a named party. Moreover, unless good cause is shown, the action shall be dismissed as to the party for whom service has not been timely requested upon sustaining said party's declinatory exception pursuant to La. C.C.P. art. 1672(C). While a definition for " good cause" is not provided in art. 1672(C), our jurisprudence has held that " mere confusion over a party's proper service information is not a sufficient basis for good cause." Johnson v. Univ. Med. Ctr. in Lafayette, 07-1683, p. 2 (La. 11/21/07), 968 So.2d 724, 725 (citing Norbert v. Loucks, 01-1229 (La. 6/29/01), 791 So.2d 1283). On appeal, a judgment dismissing an action for failure to timely request service is subject to the manifest error standard of review. Llopis v. Louisiana State Bd. of Dentistry, 13-0659, p. 5 (La.App. 4 Cir. 6/11/14), 143 So.3d 1211, 1214 (citing Johnson v. Brown, 03-0679, p. 2 (La.App. 4 Cir. 6/25/03), 851 So.2d 319, 322).
As this Court has recognized, the rationale behind the ninety-day notice requirement is obvious: " to insure that the defendant receives notice of the suit within a reasonable time after it has been commenced." Id., 13-0659, p. 6, 143 So.3d at 1214 (quoting Anderson v. Norfolk Southern Railway Company, 02-230, p. 4 (La.App. 4 Cir. 3/27/02), 814 So.2d 659, 661). Thus, unless service is made on an authorized recipient, it will be deemed insufficient and improper. Tranchant v. State, 08-0978, p. 10 (La. 1/21/09), 5 So.3d 832, 837 (" [P]laintiffs are strictly held to the obligation of serving the correct agent for service of process, [ ] as well as to the obligation of serving the named state defendants within the time period [2013-1260 La.App. 4 Cir. 4] specified by La. R.S. 13:5107(D)(1)." ) (citing Barnett v. Louisiana State Univ. Med. Ctr.-Shreveport, 02-2576, p. 1 (La.2/7/03), 841 So.2d 725, 726).
A suit against a qualified state health care provider requires service to be effected on: (1) the head of the department for the Board of Supervisors of Louisiana State University Agricultural and Mechanical College; (2) the Office of Risk of Management; or (3) the Attorney General of Louisiana. La. R.S. 13:5107; La. R.S. 39:1538; Whitley v. State ex rel. Bd. of Sup'rs of Louisiana State Univ. Agr. Mech. Coll., 11-0040, p. 18 (La. 7/1/11), 66 So.3d 470, 481. In the instant matter, plaintiff contends that service on these entities/persons was not necessary because Dr. Chesson was only sued in his individual capacity.
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center is part of the Louisiana State University System, thus, University Hospital, where plaintiff underwent the surgical procedure, is a state-owned facility under the supervision and management of the Board of Supervisors. La. R.S. 17:3215(6).
As such, albeit plaintiff's contention, Dr. Chesson is a state-employed physician and at least one of the above entities/persons should have been served.
Furthermore, plaintiff was well aware and amply advised of Dr. Chesson's status as a qualified state health care provider. Specifically, plaintiff had notice when: (1) the Division of Administration notified plaintiff by letter dated April 27, 2007 that Dr. Chesson was a qualified state health care provider per La. R.S. 40:1299.39.1; (2) a certificate of qualification was issued on June 6, 2007; (3) the " State of Louisiana, through the Board of Supervisors of Louisiana State University Agricultural and Mechanical College, on behalf of LSU Health Sciences Center, LSU Health Care Services Division and Ralph Chesson, M.D." petitioned to institute discovery on June 22, 2007; and (4) plaintiff acquiesced to the surgical procedure at a state-owned facility, University Hospital.
[2013-1260 La.App. 4 Cir. 5] Plaintiff's attempt to evade the service requirements by claiming Dr. Chesson is being sued individually is without merit. However, even assuming plaintiff's argument has merit, service would still not have been proper. A party may be served at his place of business, although such service is only effected by serving the party personally. Roper v. Dailey, 393 So.2d 85, 87 (La. 1980) (quoting La. C.C.P. art. 1232). Plaintiff requested service on Dr. Chesson at 2020 Gravier Street, the address for Louisiana State University Lions Center Clinic. While the sheriff's return states that Dr. Chesson was personally served on April 23, 2010 at the Gravier address, Dr. Chesson contends that is not his correct address and personal service was never effected.
Dr. Chesson was a qualified state health care provider at the time the alleged malpractice occurred; therefore, La. R.S. 13:5107 and La. R.S. 39:1538 are applicable. Plaintiff's failure to timely effectuate service on the proper parties warranted dismissal of the suit as plaintiff advanced no compelling reason for her failure to ascertain proper service.
For the foregoing reasons, we find the trial court did not err in sustaining defendant's exception of insufficiency of service of process and dismissing plaintiff's suit without prejudice. Service was not proper as contemplated by La. R.S.13:5107(D), La. R.S. 39:1538, and La. C.C.P. art. 1201(C); and plaintiff failed to demonstrate good cause for her lack of service pursuant to La. C.C.P. art. 1672(C). The trial court judgment is affirmed.
[2013-1260 La.App. 4 Cir. 1]
BELSOME, J., DISSENTS WITH REASONS
I respectfully dissent from the majority opinion. The majority finds that the trial court was correct in sustaining the defendant's exception of insufficiency of service of process and dismissing the instant suit. In the petition for damages, the plaintiff, Mirna Velasquez, named Ralph R. Chesson M.D. as the defendant. Significantly, she did not name the State of Louisiana or a State agency. As a result, she had no obligation to effect service on the State pursuant to La. R.S. 39:1538 or La. R.S. 13:5107.
Those statutes provide for service upon the head of the department, the Office of Risk Management, and the Attorney General when there is a claim or suit against the State or a State agency.
In addition, the majority finds that the defendant was never personally served, but the record does not support this conclusion. The sheriff's completed return reflects that personal service was made. The return of service is prima facie evidence of proper service. La. C.C.P. art. 1292; Ainsworth v. Ainsworth, 03-1626, p. 6 (La. [2013-1260 La.App. 4 Cir. 2] App. 4 Cir. 10/22/03), 860 So.2d 104, 110, writ denied, 03-2964 (La. 1/9/04), 862 So.2d 995. For purposes of determining whether proper service was made, the officer's return of citation is given great weight, and the burden rests on the party attacking it to establish otherwise by clear and convincing evidence. Ainsworth, supra. The record is void of any such evidence. Therefore, the defendant did not meet his burden in proving that the sheriff's completed return was invalid or incorrect.
For these reasons, I find that the trial court erred in sustaining the defendant's exception of insufficiency of service of process and dismissing the suit. Accordingly, I would reverse and reinstitute the proceedings.